Medan City is the gateway to the western part of Indonesia with the presence of Belawan Port and Kuala Namu International Airport, which are the second largest airports in Indonesia. Access from the city center to the port and airport is completed by toll roads and railways. Medan is the first city in Indonesia to integrate an airport with a train. Bordering the Strait of Malacca, Medan is a very important city of commerce, industry and business in Indonesia.
Medan’s history begins with a village founded by Guru Patimpus at the confluence of the Deli and Babura rivers. The anniversary of Medan City was set on July 1, 1590. Subsequently, in 1632, Medan was made the seat of government for the Deli Sultanate, a Malay kingdom. Europeans began to discover Medan since the arrival of John Anderson from England in 1823. Civilization in Medan continued to develop until the Dutch East Indies Government gave the city status on April 1, 1909 and made it the seat of the residency of East Sumatra government. Entering the 20th century, Medan became an important city outside Java, especially after the colonial government opened large-scale plantation companies.
Medan is known as a multi-ethnic city, where there are many cultures and ethnicities living in this area.
Medan Grand Mosque, was built in 1906. This mosque is one of the grandest mosques in Medan. Sultan Ma’mun Al Rasyid Perkasa Alam as the leader of the Deli Sultanate at that time built a magnificent royal mosque, and was more magnificent than his own palace, namely the Maimun Palace.
Maimun Palace was designed by Capt. Theodoor van Erp, a Dutch soldier who was built by order of Sultan Deli, Sultan Ma’moen Al Rasyid. Development of this palace started from August 26, 1888 and was completed on May 18, 1891. Maimun Palace has an area of 2,772 m2 and 30 rooms. Maimun Palace consists of 2 floors and has 3 parts, namely the main building, the left wing building and the right wing building. This palace building faces north and on the front side there is the Al-Mashun Mosque building or better known as the Medan Grand Mosque.
Shri Mariamman Temple is the oldest Hindu temple in Medan. This temple was built in 1884 to worship the goddess Mariamman. The goddess Mariamman is the goddess of disease and rain who is the main goddess of South Indian Hindus and is worshiped in many rural areas such as Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh.
Graha Maria Annai Velangkanni is a Catholic Indian-Mughal style church that opened in 2005 in the city of Medan, Indonesia. This church is dedicated to Mother Velangkanni or Santa Maria, Mother of the Good Healer. It is said that Our Lady appeared in the 17th century in Velankanni City, Tamil Nadu, India, so that the title Mother Velangkanni Mother of Healer emerged.
Asam Kumbang Crocodile Park is the largest crocodile reptile breeding park in Indonesia. The park, which has an area of two hectares, is even the largest crocodile park in Southeast Asia. Here there are about two thousand five hundred crocodiles of various sizes, including crocodiles that are over forty years old.